Hajj is by far the most important journey for any Muslim, as described by the Holy Prophet (SAW). A perfect Hajj can herald the rebirth and the dawn of a new beginning for every person completing it. SCA Services understand the importance of this blessed journey; we share your desires to attain the highest possible levels of spirituality and we endeavor to plan for your needs, with good standard of accommodation in close proximity to the Holy Haram both in Makkah & Madinah, our Hajj Packages include our standard services of visa arrangement, return flights, Star Hotels.

Groups are accompanied by experienced personnel allowing you to keep focused on your worship and free from the distractions of the logistical problems that are often part and parcel of this holy journey. During the Hajj trip we also include guided tours of all the major historical sites.

We provide you & your family with a quality serviced Hajj package as we go the extra mile by providing excellent customer service, people on hand on the ground with you; people who have in-depth knowledge and practical experience of all the upcoming endeavors, giving you peace of mind and we assure you that you will not be disappointed.

SCA Services maintains it Market lead by knowing the market, creating & selling value for money Hajj packages to Pilgrims throughout Brunei.

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Forms of Pilgrimage

There are three forms of Hajj: Tamattu’, Ifraad and Qiran.

  1. Tamattu : A pilgrim wears Ihram for Umrah only during the months of Hajj, which means when a pilgrim reaches Makkah, he / she makes Tawaf and Sa’yi for Umrah. Then shaves or clips the hair. On the day of Tarwiya, which is the eighth of Dhul-Hijja, a pilgrim puts on his Ihram for Hajj only and carries out all of its requirements.
  2. Ifraad : A pilgrim wears Ihram for Hajj only. When he reaches Makkah, he performs Tawaf for his arrival and Sa’yi for Hajj. He doesn’t shave or clip his hair as he doesn’t disengage from Ihram. Instead, he remains in Ihram till after he stones Jamrah Al-Aqaba on the Eid day. It is permissible for him to postpone his Sa’yi for Hajj until after his Tawaf for Hajj.
  3. Qiran : A pilgrim wears Ihram for both Umrah and Hajj or he wears Ihram first for Umrah, then makes intentions for Hajj before his Tawaf for Hajj. The obligations on one performing Ifraad are the same as those on one performing Qiran, except that the latter must slaughter whereas the former is not obligated to do so. The best of the three forms is Tamattu’. It is the form that the prophet-may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him encouraged his followers to perform.

Even if a pilgrim makes intentions to perform Qiran or Ifraad he is allowed to change his intentions to Tamattu’; he can do this even after he has performed Tawaf and Sa’yi.

When the Prophet – may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him- performed Tawaf and Sa’yi during the year of the Farewell Hajj with his companions, he ordered all those who hadn’t brought sacrificial animals to change their intentions for Hajj to intentions for Umrah. cut their hair, and disengage from Ihram till Hajj. He said, ” If I hadn’t brought the sacrificial animal, I’d have done what I’ve ordered you to do.”

How to Perform the Ritual of Hajj

Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Universe. May peace and blessings be upon Muhammad, the last of the prophets and messengers, and upon his family and esteemed companions. Hajj is one of the best forms of worship and is one of the most sublime deeds because it is one of the pillars of Islam that Allah sent Muhammad-may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him-with. A servant’s religion is incomplete without it. A form of worship is only acceptable when the following is true.

One devotes it to Allah alone, with a desire for the Hereafter. It cannot be done with the intention of being seen among people or for worldly gain.

One follows the Prophet’s example, in words and deeds. This cannot be accomplished except by gaining knowledge of the Sunnah.

The Prophet’s Mosque

A pilgrim goes to Madina before or after Hajj with the intention of visiting the Prophet’s mosque and praying in it. Prayer there is better than a thousand prayers elsewhere except in the Holy Mosque in Makkah.Upon reaching the mosque he prays two Rakaas of salutation or performs any obligatory prayer that is due.

He goes to the grave of the Prophet -may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him – and he stands before it. He greets him saying the “May the peace, mercy, and blessings of Allah be upon you, oh Prophet. May Allah grant you a good reward on behalf of your people” He takes a step or two to his right to position himself before Abu-Bakr and greets him saying : “May the peace, mercy, and blessing of Allah be upon you. oh Abu-Bakr, Caliph of the Messenger of Allah. May Allah be pleased with you and grant you a good reward on behalf of Muhammad’s people.” Then he takes a step or two to his right to position himself before Umar and greets him saying: ” May the peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you, oh Umar, Prince of the believers. May Allah be pleased with you and grant you a good reward on behalf of Muhammad’s people”.

In a state of purity, he goes to pray in Qubaa Mosque.

He goes to Al-Baqee to visit Uthman’s grave- may Allah be pleased with him. He stands before it and greets him saying: “May the peace, mercy and blessing of Allah be upon you, oh Uthman- Prince of the believers. May Allah be pleased with you and grant you a good reward on behalf of Muhammad’s people.” He greets any other Muslims in Al-Baqee.

He goes to Uhud and visits the grave of Hamza – may Allah be pleased with him and the other martyrs there with him. He greets them and preys to Allah to grant them forgiveness, mercy, and pleasure.


Umrah is a great act of worship that is obligatory upon every Muslim once in his life. The rewards and virtues of performing Umrah are many, the Prophet (s) mentioned is a hadith, “Between one Umrah and another is an expiration of sins”. Performing Umrah in the month of Ramadan has a special significance, the Prophet (s) said, “Whoever performs Umrah in Ramadan, receives the reward like one who performs Hajj with me.”

Umrah can be performed at any time of the year (although Umrah visas are issued from Rabi al-Awwal to Ramadan only) and usually takes about 3 hours to perform under normal circumstances. During the low season (i.e., other than Ramadan and Hajj) Makkah and Madinah are relatively quiet, allowing you to carry out your worship in a relaxed manner. Umrah during Ramadan is an extra special experience, as there is a unique atmosphere in the Haramain, particularly at iftar time and during tarawih and qiyam prayers.

We sincerely understand at SCA how important it is for the prospective pilgrim to find the right kind of package to suit his/her needs. You will find us honest and straight forward in our dealings. We provide accurate descriptions of our services. We place great emphasis on these points and after several memorable and successful Umrah trips, we can honestly say that you are always met with a friendly and helpful service, reflecting a high degree of professionalism. We are to provide a quality and reliable service to all Umrah travelers from the moment they first make contact with us until they return home. We make all the necessary arrangements for you from visas and flights to accommodation.

The New Umrah System

If you wish to go on Umrah, you may be aware that the Saudi government has now introduced new regulations specifying that all pilgrims entering the country must do so via an approved agent. Alhamdulillah, we are pleased to announce that SCA is recognized as an ‘Approved Agent’ by the Ministry of Hajj, in Saudi Arabia, thus enabling us to arrange ‘Umrah for you. Under the new system it is no longer possible for individuals to approach a Saudi Arabian Embassy to acquire an Umrah Visa. Visa applications are now only accepted through Ministry of Hajj approved travel agents. It is a requirement that all accommodation for the duration of stay in Saudi Arabia is pre-booked and paid for through the appointed Travel Agent. It is therefore no longer possible to acquire a visa only and make accommodation arrangements having arrived in the Kingdom.

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Umrah Preparation

Preparations for Ihram Comb your hair, shape the beard, trim your mustache, cut your nails, and remove unwanted body hair.

Purification Take a bath with the intention of Ihram otherwise do wudu. Here it is noted that there are two ways of purification :

  1. Purification of the body, shower or wudu.
  2. Internal purification, sincere repentance on your sins. Say something like this: “O Allah, I sincerely repent on my sins and seek your forgiveness.”

Ihram Sheets Men should wear a sheet of white cloth around the waist and cover the upper body with the other sheet. Women’s ordinary clothes are their Ihram. Both should wear the flip-flops (hawai chappal) so that the middle bones of the upper part of the feet are not covered.

Nafl Salah If it is not makruh (undesirable) time, offer two rakahs of nafl for Ihram by covering your heads.

Advice If going to Jeddah by an airplane, it is convenient to get into the status of Ihram inside the plane. Here is what you do. Do everything at home or at the airport except Niyyah (intention) and Talbiyah. Have your shower, pray two rakahs of nafl but you are still not in the status of ihram because you haven’t done the main thing yet, i.e., intention and Talbiyah which is done at or before the boundary line called Miqat.Go to the airplane and sit down with the white sheets on. In a Hajj flight when you are close to Miqat, the pilot will announce that this is the border line to make your intention and to say Talbiyah. Those who did not change their clothes before should do so now although it is not convenient inside the plane.

Please note that:

  1. It is a good idea to ask at the time of boarding if the arrival of Miqat will be announced by the pilot. If not, make your intention and say Talbiyah on your own approximately one hour before you reach Jeddah.
  2. If you are flying with a group, follow the instructions of the group leader.

Intention and Talbiyah Now uncover your head and declare your intention. It is assumed that you are performing Hajj al-Tammat’u in which Umrah is performed first as described later in the “Kinds of Hajj”.”O Allah! I intend to perform Umrah. Please make it easy for me and accept it from me. Amen.”Immediately after that utter the words of Talbiyah three times and as often afterwards as possible. If you don’t remember it, you can say its translation in English or in any other language but Talbiah or its translation is pronounced in a loud voice by men and in a subdued voice by women.

Du’a After this recite Darud Sharif and supplicate to Allah Almighty any du’a in Arabic or in your own language.

Prohibitions of Ihram – After intention and Talbiyah, you are in the status of Ihram and from this time on you should not do acts that are forbidden in Ihram , for example, here are some of the things a muhrim must not do:

  1. Cover head (men), cover face (women)
  2. Cover the middle bone of the upper part of the feet (Both men and women)
  3. Shave / cut hair
  4. Cut nails
  5. Wear perfume
  6. Wear stitched clothing (men) / (Women can wear their ordinay clothes)
  7. Hunting / killing
  8. Sex

Journey towards Makkah – When this sacred journey towards Makkah al-Mukarrama starts, recite Talbiyah frequently on the way. Then enter the city very humbly and with great fondness still reciting Talbiyah.After arranging for your residence, proceed to the Haram Sharif to perform Umrah.

The Rites of Umrah

The rites of Umrah are:

  1. Entering the state of Ihram
  2. Tawaf of Ka’bah
  3. Sa’yee between the hills of Safa and Marwah
  4. Shaving or clipping of the hair

Ihram for Umrah and Entering Masjid Al-Haram

Ihram – You should be already in Ihram for Umrah before entering Mecca as mentioned above.

Entering Masjid al-Haram – While reciting Talbiyah, enter Masjid al-Haram preferably through Bab as-Salam with right foot first. Supplicate to Allah and proceed towards Ka’bah. You may recite the following supplication which is usually used before entering a mosque : Allah huma aftah li abwabe rahmate ka

First Sight – At the first sight of Ka’bah, keep your eyes fixed at Baitullah and standing at one side, it is suggested that you do the following :

  1. Say Allahu Akbar three times
  2. Say La Ilaha Illallah three times
  3. Proclaim Darud on our beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) and very humbly and with tears in your eyes supplicate to Allah for whatever you wish. This is a special time for the acceptance of prayers.
  4. The idea is to praise and glorify your Creator before proclaiming Darud and supplications. Therefore, in lieu of Allahu Akbar and La Ilaha Illallah, you may recite some other similar holy verses if you so desire.

After this, while uttering Talbiyah, move forward to perform Tawaf of Ka’bah.

Tawaf of Umrah

Tawaf means circling around something . Here it means moving around Ka’bah seven times with extreme love and devotion.

Preparation – Pass the upper sheet of Ihram from underneath the right arm and put it on the left shoulder. This act bares the right shoulder and is known as Iztaba. Ablutions (vudu) is essential for tawaf. Reciting of Talbiyah is stopped when you reach Hajar-e-Aswad, the starting point of tawaf.

Niyyah (Intention) – Stand in front of Ka’bah facing Hajar-e-Aswad (the Black Stone) in such a way that the whole Hajre-e-Aswad is on your right side. To achieve this end, you may get help from the black stripe on the floor. This stripe should be on your right side. Then without raising your hands make Niyyah (intention) for Umrah: ” O Allah, I perform Tawaf of Umrah to please You. Make it easy for me and accept it from me.”

Istilam – Now moving towards right, come in front of Hajar-e-Aswad and kiss it if possible, or touch it with a stick and kiss the stick; if that also is not possible, raise your hands to your ears keeping your open palms towards Hajre-e-Aswad and say:” Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lilla Hil Hamd” and drop your hands down. Now point the palms of your hands again towards Hajar-e- Aswad and kiss them. This act of kissing Hajar-e-Aswad or pointing towards it is called Istilam.

Tawaf Starts – After Istilam, turn right and start tawaf counter clockwise. WARNING:

  1. The authorities often apply perfume to Hajar-e-Aswad, Rukn Yamani and Multazam. If so, do not touch them while in the state of Ihram, otherwise a dum will be required as a penalty.
  2. During tawaf, it is not permissible to face or turn your back towards Ka’bah except when you are kissing or pointing towards Hajar-e-Aswad.

Ramal – For the first three circuits of Tawaf of Umrah and Tawaf of Arrival, men are required to move their shoulders and walk with quick short steps. This act is called Ramal and is Sunnah. They walk normally during the remaining four circuits.

Supplications of Tawaf – There are no fixed supplications for tawaf but there are several recommended supplications listed in the books of Umrah out of which the following supplication is easy to memorize : “Subhan-Allah wal-hamdu-lillahi wa la ilaha ill-Allah wa-Allahu Akbar wa la haula wa la quwwata illa-billah.” If you don’t remember these words, you may glorify Allah by repeatedly uttering : Subhan Allah, Al-Hamdu lilla, Allahu Akbar, La Ilaha Illallah, etc.The Prophet of Islam (peace be upon him) has said that there are two kalimahs that are light on tongue and (on the day of judgment) they weigh heavy on the scale (Mizan) and are liked by Allah. These kalimahs are : Subhan Allah Wabe Hamde hi Subhan Allah Hil Azeem (Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmizi) You may also use supplications used in the daily Salah or you may seek forgiveness of Allah and ask Him whatever you wish in your own language.

Hatim – Hatim is a semi-circular half-built portion which was originally a part of the Ka’bah but which could not be included in the main structure when the Ka’bah was rebuilt. It is obligatory to go around Hatim also while performing tawaf.

Rukn Yamani and its Supplications – After passing the three corners of the Ka’bah you reach the fourth corner known as Rukn Yamani. Touch it with both hands or with right hand. There is a beautiful supplication to be used while walking between Rukn Yamani and Hajar-e-Aswad : “Rabbana atina fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil-akhirati hasanatan wa qina azabin-nar.” Our beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) has repeatedly recited this supplication. The first circuit is complete when you reach Hajar-e-Aswad.

Seven Circuits – At Hajar-e-Aswad, start the second circuit by kissing it or pointing towards it as you started the first circuit, i.e., come in front of Hajar-e-Aswad, raise both hands to your ears with open palms towards it and say : ” Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lillah Hil Hamd Now kiss both palms and drop your hands. After this go around Ka’bah as you did before and similarly complete the seven circuits.

The End of Tawaf – At the end of seven circuits, do Istilam of Hajar-e-Aswad or point towards it eighth time which is Sunnat Mu’akidah. Also say : “Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lillah Hill Hamd”

Iztaba Finished – Now Iztaba is finished, therefore, you cover your both shoulders with upper portion of the Ihram sheet. This does not apply to women.

Multazam – Now, come to Multazam which is a place five or six feet in length between Hajar-e-Aswad and the door of Ka’bah. This is a highly sacred place where prayers are accepted. Among a large crowd of people, if it is possible to reach Multazam, cling to it pressing your chest and cheeks, and while trembling and crying with devotion and with all humility seek Allah’s mercy, His blessings and ask Him whatever you wish. If you are unable to come close to Multazam, just face towards it and supplicate from a distance.

Maqam Ibrahim – Next offer two rakahs of nafls behind and close to Maqam Ibrahim without covering your head. If it is zawal time when sajdah is not allowed, you have to wait till this undesirable time is passed and then offer prayers.In the niyyah (intention), say that you are offering 2 rakahs of nafls wajib al- tawaf. Recite Qul ya ayya hal kafroon in the first rakah and Qulhu wallah in the second rakah. After this, supplicate to Allah in Arabic or in your own language. Ask Him whatever you wish and invoke His blessings. If it is not possible to offer this obligatory prayer near Maqam Ibrahim, it can be offered anywhere in Mataf, or in Hatim or anywhere in Masjid al-Haram or even at any place in Haram of Makkah.

Zamzam – Now go to Zamzam well situated in the basement of the Haram about 200 feet from the Ka’bah’s door. There are separate portions for men and women. Zamzam is the best available water in the world. Drink this water to fill while in standing position saying Bismillah. Then supplicate to Allah: “Allahummah inni as’aluka ilm-an naafi’an wa rizqan waasi’an wa shifa’am min kulli daa’in.”(O Allah! I implore Thee for beneficial knowledge, for vast provisions, and for cure from every disease.)


The literal meaning of Sa’ey is to run or to make effort, but as a Umrah term, Sa’ey denotes walking back and forth seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwah which are situated to the south and north of the Ka’bah respectively. Now there are only signs of these hills and the whole route between them is enclosed in a long gallery. Sa’ey has a historical background. Prophet Abraham left his wife Hazrat Hajra and infant son Hazrat Ismael in the wilderness of Makkah at the command of Allah. The mother and son lived for five days on the food and water they had when the water was completely finished. The mother ran frantically seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwah in search of water for her son. Suddenly the fountain of Zamzam oozed miraculously near the feet of Hazrat Ismael. Sa’ey is included in the rites of Umrah to commemorate this event of search and struggle.

Start of Sa’ey at Safa – Climb the hill of Safa and make intention (niyyah) for Sa’ey : “O Allah! I perform Sa’ey between Safa and Marwah to please You. Make it easy for me and accept it from me.”Now recite : “Inn-as-Safa wal-Marwah min Sha’a’irillah.” (Indeed Safa and Marwah are among the Signs of Allah.) After this climb Safa to the point from where you can see the Ka’bah, then facing the Ka’bah raise your hands in supplication, say Allahu Akbar three times and recite the following supplication or ask Allah whatever you wish : “La ilaha ill-Allahu wahdahu la Sharika lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu wa ‘ala kulli shai’ in Qadeer.”If you don’t remember this, you may use the supplication recited earlier during Tawaf : “Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lillah Hill Hamd”

Proceed towards Marwah – Come down from Safa and move towards Marwah while reciting this supplication : “Subhan-Allah wal-hamdu-lillahi wa la ilaha ill-Allah wa-Allahu Akbar wa la haula wa la quwwata illa-billa.” If you don’t remember this supplication also, recite Subhan Allah, Alhamdu Lillah, Allahu Akbar repeatedly and keep moving. You may also praise Allah and ask for His mercy in your language or use supplications taken from the daily Salah. When you reach two green pillars between which men have to run but the women walk with their normal pace.

At Marwah – When on top of marwah, praise Allah facing the Ka’bah and repeat the same supplications that were recited at Safa. One trip is over, second trip will be on Safa and third trip will be on Marwah.

End of Sa’ey – In the same way, the seventh trip will end at Marwah. In all trips the men will run between the green pillars but the women will walk in a normal way.

Two raka’at Nafl – If it is not an undesirable (Makrooh) time, offer two raka’ats of nafl in the al-Haram. Shaving or clipping of hair. After Sa’ey, men should get their heads completely shaved or get their hair clipped to the length of the upper third of their finger or a little more. Both shaving and clipping are permissible for men, though shaving is preferable. Women are, however, allowed to have a lock of their hair clipped. They are forbidden to shave their heads.

Umrah is complete – After cutting the hair, umrah is complete. The restrictions of Ihram are finished. Now wear your everyday clothes and lead a normal life. Be thankful to Allah that He provided the opportunity for performing Umrah and lead rest of your life according to the commands of your Creator.

Nafl Tawaf

You may perform Umrah as often as you want according to the above procedure. And if you want to perform just a nafl Tawaf, follow the same procedure, however, in a nafl Tawaf there is no Ihram, no Ramal, no Iztaba and even no Sa’ey.

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